Do you have any cut on your tongue? Learn more about the meaning, causes and what happens when you get a bleeding deep cut on tongue. Also, discover what to do if you have a cut under, bottom or on the surface of your tongue that turns white. The possible solutions on how to heal a cut on your tongue and pictures have been highlighted.
What does it mean when you have a cut on your tongue?
It is quite normal for anybody to have a great concern about a strange crack or groove on the tongue surface. The cut might appear in various parts of your tongue. It can locate on the upper surface, under, sides, bottom or elsewhere on your tongue.
A fissured tongue is an oral condition that is medically described as a scrotal, fissured or plicated tongue. Sometimes it is also known as lingua plicata. All these names of the cracked tongue should not scare you because they just have a similar meaning of a cut on your tongue.
The strange cracks on the tongue can appear in different forms depending on the nature of your oral condition. However, these grooves might vary from one person to another with slight deviation but they often share common characteristics.
Fissured tongue is commonly characterized by the following signs and symptoms:
- Shallow or deep cracks that run along or across the surface and on sides of the tongue
- Tiny or large cliffs that appear on top, sides, bottom, under and on upper tongue surface
- Bleeding cut, open wound or sores like crack on tongue
- Patchy tongue that appears separated by strange grooves into irregular sections
- Pink or red lines on tongue surrounded by white or yellow mass
- Painful, itchy or burning sensation of area affected by strange cracks on tongue
- White sores or ulcers on the tongue
According to Web MD, the symptoms of the cracked tongue might be an indication of either benign oral condition or more serious health problem. In most occasions, cut on tongue surface is a mild oral condition that can resolve itself within a period of few weeks without any treatment.
However, deep chronic cracks on your tongue might be correlated to a more oral problem that needs medical care. Such harmful cuts on the tongue can affect the entire health condition of your body through direct and indirect suffering.
Severe cut or grooves on the tongue can cause difficulties in eating and drinking foods. This can lead to loss of taste and appetite that finally interfere with your normal feeding habit. Poor feeding habits have a direct consequence of losing body weight and growing weak.
If you notice that a cut on your tongue is likely to advance into a more serious oral problem, it is good for you to seek the help of an oral specialist who can assist in diagnosis and treatment to fix your health problem.
What Causes Cut on Tongue?
You can develop cracks on your tongue due to various factors. These factors determine the type of fissures on your tongue. For instance, some causal agents can lead to either minor or major cut on the tongue.
It is good for you to know the possible causes that can lead to cracks on your tongue. This can help you to avoid and prevent some of the causal agents that can damage your tongue. The possible causes of a cut on tongue include:
- Injuries on tongue
A cut on your tongue can appear as the consequence of physical injuries. Tongue injuries can range from tiny shallow crack to deep large cut. These injuries can appear on surface, bottom, under, sides and on the very tip of the tongue. The injuries include bites and any other accident that might damage the tongue.
An injury caused by bites on the tongue is a common problem that can occur during the process of chewing food. Biting your tongue once in a while is quite normal. However, continuous bites on your tongue each time you chew food is not normal. This might be a problem of tooth alignment that needs a dental checkup.
Tongues bites often lead to shallow cuts that typically occur on the sides and the tip of the tongue that touches the teeth. The bites on your tongue might cause a slight pain especially when you place a spicy, acidic or hot food in your mouth.
Also, tongue injuries can occur when you place sharp objects into your oral cavities such as a knife, toothpick, and pointed needles. You can easily cause a cut on tongue when you are playing with sharp objects in your mouth.
Any accident that causes a lot of pressure on your oral cavities such as car crash, jaw concussion, seizure and falls can lead to major laceration that can even tear the tongue into separate parts. Any mechanical shock that has a lot of force on you jaw can also lead to tongue cuts as the teeth knock each other by force.
Most surprisingly, food that we take can cause a cut on the tongue. Dried and crunchy foods such as popcorns can lead to minor cuts on the tongue. This can occur due to the friction that exists between the dried foodstuff and the tongue.
- Dental work
Dental work includes teeth cleaning, brightening, extraction, replacement, and repair. All these practices that involve dental work use sharp tools and harsh chemicals that might damage the skin of the tongue to form an open wound.
If you notice a strange cut on your tongue after dental work, this could be the reason behind the fissure. You might not have felt the cut during the process of dental work but the wound may become painful and tender after sometimes.
- Unfit dentures
For people who wear dentures, a cut on tongue can occur as a consequence of unfit dentures. Loss and sagging dentures can easily injure the tongue to develop an open wound like groove. It is advisable to select a well-fitting denture before buying it to avoid oral injuries.
- Teeth grinding
The habit of teeth grinding while asleep is a common condition in toddlers and teens. However, adults can also grind their teeth but under rare cases. This behavior of grinding the teeth while asleep can increase the risk of biting the tongues that can result in physical injuries on sides and on the tip. You can prevent tongue teeth grinding in young children by providing a mouth guard for teeth grinding.
- Too hot and acidic food
Too hot and acidic food can damage the lining of the tongue to develop tiny cuts. The high temperature of the hot food can cause burns while acidic food can corrode the skin of tongue to form cracks.
- Nutrient deficiency
The deficiency of vitamins and minerals in the body can lead to a general body weakness and compromised immunity. Your tongue can also develop various patches and cracks as an effect of vitamin B and C deficiency.
The problem of a cut on tongue due to vitamin deficiency often occurs in young children and elderly people who experience malnutrition. This tongue problem can as well occur to anybody who eats unbalance diet with less vitamin content.
- Allergic reaction
An allergic reaction can also lead to ulceration on the tongue that might accompany tiny cracks on the lining of the tongue. Placing harmful irritants on your tongue such as poison ivy, detergent, strong acids, strong base, too spicy food, raw tubers and other allergens can lead to numerous red cuts on your tongue surface.
- Oral infection
Bacterial and fungal infection in the oral cavity can lead to sores and cuts on the tongue surface. Oral thrush or yeast infection can damage the tongue to develop white patches that are surrounded by tiny cracks or cuts.
The geographical tongue is another oral condition that is associated with numerous cracks on the tongue that appear like geographical maps in the Atlas. This condition can make your tongue to look worrisome with grooves but is usually harmless.
Other types of mouth ulcers or sores on the tongue like canker sores, cold sores, and an aphthous oral ulcer can also make your tongue to develop open cuts.
- Chromosomal disorder
Downs syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that can lead to permanent cuts on the tongue that is not painful. This disorder causes a prominent crack that appears on a baby since the time of birth to adulthood.
The large grooves on the tongue in people affected by Down syndrome can lead to heavy tongue that leads to difficulties in the pronunciation of words. This disorder has no treatment but the individual are advised to tolerate the permanent cut on tongue and live a normal life.
- Change of hormones
Change of body hormones during pregnancy, menstruation, and menopause can lead to a tiny cut of the surface of the tongue.
What happens if you get a Cut on your Tongue?
Once you develop a cut on your tongue, there are several changes that can occur in your oral cavity depending on the type of the cut. For the minor shallow cut on the tongue, you might feel a slight pain that can last few hours.
The minor cut on the tongue may bleed slightly in few minutes and form a red groove in the affected area. The tissue around the mild crack becomes swollen and more sensitive to salty, acidic or spicy foods.
Mild cuts on your tongue might not interfere with your feeding habits but they can cause a discomfort in your oral cavity. After few days the minor cut can heal up fast without even your notice.
A major deep cut on tongue is a more serious health problem that can lead to severe bleeding after an injury. Tongue injuries can cause large blood vessels in tongue tissue to break and release a lot of blood into the oral cavity.
The deep cut can also cause intense pain in the mouth that is accompanied by the redness and the inflammation of the entire tongue tissue. The swollen tongue may lead to difficulties in eating and even speaking.
If the open wound on your tongue is infected by bacteria or fungi, this might advance into more serious white sores or ulcer that needs medical treatment. In case you notice that a crack on your tongue is likely to develop into a more serious health problem, it is advisable to seek the help of the dentist.
What to do if you have a Cut on your Tongue?
You can stop bleeding and promote the process of healing of a cut on tongue by the following simple procedure that includes:
- Clean your hands
Before you start to touch your tongue to perform first aid, use clean water and a disinfectant soap to wash your hand. This can help to prevent harmful microorganism to infect the open wound.
- Clean the oral cavity
Swish your mouth gently with salt water several times to clean the cut. This can help to remove food debris, dirt and bacteria in the oral cavity that can infect the fresh wound.
- Stop the excess bleeding
You can stop the excess flow of the blood from the cut by placing a clean cotton ball or cloth material on the cut and apply little pressure to stop excess bleeding. Alternatively, use an ice cube to numb the area that can help to ease pain and reduce the bleeding.
- Examine the wound
After the bleeding is completely stopped, assess the cut on your tongue and determine if it is minor or major injuries. In case of major injuries, visit your doctor for more treatment.
- Use painkiller
You can use over-the-counter painkiller drugs to relieve the pain on your tongue.
- Use prescribe antibiotics
Seek the help of your doctor to prescribe for your antibiotics drugs that can help to heal the cut faster.
- Use home remedies
You can use home remedies such as salt rinse and hydrogen peroxide to treat minor cuts on your tongue.
- 8. Avoid hard, hot, spicy and acidic foods
Eat soft and non-acidic foods to avoid more injuries and irritation on the wound on your tongue. eat a balanced diet rich in protein and vitamins.
Deep Cut on Tongue
Deep cut on your tongue can occur as a consequence of major accidents that may lead to great shock and force that can damage the tongue. You can develop deep cut on your tongue during a car accident, falls, concussion and bites.
Serious deep cut on your tongue can lead to an oral problem that can hurt you more. It can cause inflammation and tenderness of the affected area that can advance into a white sore. The condition can worsen when the wound is infected with bacteria or fungi.
In case your tongue gets a serious laceration, you can seek the help of your dentist who can help in the treatment to solve your oral problem.
Cut on Tongue how long to heal
The time take for a cut on your tongue to heal depends on the nature and size of the cut. Minor, small or shallow cracks on tongue might take one week to heal completely. Minor injuries on your tongue can heal faster within few days without your notice.
Major deep cracks on the tongue may take a relatively long period of time to heal compared to minor cuts. Deep cracks might take about three weeks to heal completely. However, if the wound is infected with bacteria and fungi it can take few months to heal.
Cut on Tongue Turns White
A cut on your tongue that turns white is an indication that the wound if forming an ulcer or a sore. Most mouth ulcers are associated with whitish color on the affected area. Similar to cut on the tongue, it can appear white when it develops into a sore.
Typically, the healing process can make the cut on the tongue to appear whitish. However, on few occasions, the cut in the mouth that won’t heal faster might turn into white sores. it is advisable not to ignore any cut in the mouth that turned white but instead seek the help of an oral specialist.
Cut on Bottom of Tongue
The bottom of the tongue is a rare area that can be affected by cuts. However, you can develop either shallow or deep cut on the bottom of the tongue due to physical injuries in your oral cavity. For instance, placing sharp objects into your mouth can accidentally cut the bottom of the tongue.
Also, the bottom of the tongue can develop a cut due to other factors that are already been discussed in some section of this post such as allergy reactions, burns, dental work, and nutrient deficiency.
How to Heal Cut under Tongue
You can help to heal the cut on your tongue using the following home remedies:
- Salt rinse
Salt solution has natural antiseptic properties that can help to prevent infections into the wound. It can also help to relieve the inflammation and reduce the pain in the affected area of the tongue.
How to use:
- Mix one teaspoon of salt into a cup of warm water
- Gargle the mouth with salt solution several times
- Repeat this treatment three times in a day for few weeks until cuts on your tongue heals completely
- Hydrogen peroxide
Use the diluted solution of hydrogen peroxide to rinse your mouth. This reagent has antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory abilities that can help to initiate the process of healing a cut on tongue.
How to use:
- dilute one teaspoon of 3% of hydrogen peroxide with an equal volume of water
- use a cotton ball to apply the solution on the affected area of the tongue with a cut
- rinse your mouth with warm water after 30 minutes
- repeat this procedure two times in a day for few weeks
- Ice cube
This remedy can help to soothe and relieve pain on the cut on your tongue. The low temperature of the ice can numb the tongue and stop the bleeding.
How to use:
- rise your mouth several times with ice-cold water
- alternatively, place the ice cube on your tongue at regular intervals of times within a day
- repeat this treatment several times in a day as you can
- Aloe Vera
You can use Aloe Vera to soothe painful cut on the tongue. It can also help to heal the cracks faster.
How to use:
- simply apply a thin layer of Aloe Vera cream or gel on the affected area
- rinse your mouth after 20 minutes
Be careful not to swallow Aloe Vera gel or cream because it can make your stomach feel a discomfort.
- Raw honey
Raw honey has medicinal ingredients that can help to heal various types of cracks on the tongue. Raw honey has the soothing property that can initiate the healing of tongue problems.
How to us:
- dap few drops of raw honey on the affected area of the tongue
- alternatively, take one teaspoon of honey after eating a meal
You can also use any other suitable method that can help to initiate the healing of a cut on tongue. Eat soft foods, drink plenty of water and incorporate vitamin supplements into your diet. Avoid hot, acidic or spicy food that can irritate your tongue and cause more injuries.
Also, you can go for medical treatment if the cut is major and deep that appear worrisome. Your doctor can help to prescribe for you the appropriate medication that you can use to heal the cut on your tongue faster.
- the meaning of a cut on your tongue: https://www.webmd.com/oral-health/guide/fissured-tongue
- causes of cuts, grooves, fissures or cracks on the tongue: http://www.simple-remedies.com/oral-health/cuts-on-tongue.html
- what to do if you have a cut on your tongue:http://thesurvivaldoctor.com/2011/11/01/mouth-cut-tongue-cut/
- deep cut on the tongue: https://lacerationrepair.com/techniques/anatomic-regions/tongue-lacerations/
- how to heal a cut on the tongue: https://www.wikihow.com/Heal-a-Cut-on-Your-Tongue
- home remedies for cuts on the tongue: https://wellnessbells.com/heal-cuts-tongue/