How to remove dark spots on legs! Dark spots on the legs are caused by many reasons whereby there some spots that are harmless and others a symptom of a serious disease. Get more insight into the causes of dark spots on the legs, lower legs, thighs, after shaving, cancer and removal creams.
What Causes Dark Spots On Legs
The causes include:
- Age Spots
These types of spots appear after a very long period of exposure to the sun rays and in medical terms, these spots are known as liver spots or solar lentigo. The research shows that the spots are more common to older people and they can appear anywhere on the body.
The spots mainly occur on the areas that are exposed to the UV rays. These spots are harmless since they are a just accumulation of skin pigment on the outer layer of the skin. Therefore, there is no need to get alarmed about them since it is easier to remove them.
These are a form of spots that mostly appear on the face and arms but the studies show that they can also appear on the legs. The spots are mainly small dark brown and the research shows that they are harmless.
Most of these spots are genetic in nature while there are some that are triggered by prolonged exposure to the sun. The spots are more common to people with fair skin tone.
- Diabetic Dermopathy
The condition results in the appearance of light brown or red scaly patches on the front part of the legs of a person. According to the research undertaken by Cleveland Clinic, the skin condition is said to be caused by changes in the small blood vessels of diabetics.
Most of these spots are harmless since they are painless, do not blister or itch and the experts show that they do not require immediate medical treatment as they disappear on their own.
These are small growths that occur on the skin and they do appear in a cluster instead of spreading to the adjacent part of the skin that is not affected. The growth can appear anywhere on the skin and they are usually black in color or brown in some cases.
The research conducted by a group of doctors in Cleveland Clinic proves that most moles are benign and there is no need for concern. In case a person develops those types of moles that change in size more frequent, it is recommended to visit a dermatologist for examination.
According to Mayo clinic, these forms of skin cancer mostly affect women on their lower legs and they have also the capability of occurring on another part of the body. The spots are characterized by the appearance of the large brownish spot with darker speckles.
These types of spots can result in the development of moles that bleed and keep on changing in size. The skin cancer can affect all type of skin tone and color.
- Improper Shaving
The use of blunt razor and shaving against the grain can result in the development of black spots on legs. Improper shaving exposes the hair follicle to the atmospheric air which causes oxidation of the sebum and in the process hardening of the pores.
Shaving spots usually occur on the hair follicles than on the surface of the skin and in the process, it is termed as strawberry legs.
- Bug Bites
Small black spots on the legs can appear due to the bites from mosquitoes, bedbugs etc. the bite from these insects result in inflammation on the surface of the skin. Therefore, the appearances of these dark spots on the legs are due to post inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
There is some skin condition such as eczema that are known to trigger the urge of itching the skin and in the process, this habit results in the development of dark spots on legs or any other part of the body.
There is some injuries or trauma on the legs that can result in the appearance dark patches on the affected region of the skin. According to studies, the lower legs are prone to getting injuries that cause darkening of the skin.
- Use of certain medications
There are certain medications that make the skin to be more sensitive to the UV rays from the sun or even result in hyperpigmentation without the involvement of the sun. The black spots can appear not only on the legs but also on any part of the body.
Individual who are overweight or obese are prone to experience body friction that can result in the development of black marks and spots on the affected area.
- Sun Exposure
This is the cause of dark spots on the legs and another part of the body. Prolong exposure to the sun makes the melanocytes cells to produce more melanin causes hyperpigmentation. Most of these dark spots are manifested on the legs and other parts of the body.
- Leg Acne
The formation of leg acne is rare in most cases but in case it happens, it is due to hormone imbalance. These hormones trigger the body cells responsible for sebum production to produce more or in excess causing clogging of skin pores. In the process, small dark bumps will appear.
This is a skin condition caused by human papillomavirus HPV and it results in a small and rough growth on the skin. There different types of warts and major warts result in the appearance of dark spots on the legs.
These spots are dark red in color and are caused by acne, insect bites, flat warts and plantar warts. Insect bites inject poison on the skin and in the process the body takes long to respond to the toxic substance and later it results in the formation of dark spots.
Dark Spots on Lower Legs
Do you or your loved ones have dark spots on the ankles and feet? What causes these spots on the feet and ankles? How can one get rid of them? Here are some of the major causes of these spots on the lower part of the legs.
- Venous Stasis
This is a condition that occurs due to slow blood circulation on the feet and it mostly occurs after a long period of driving, flying or getting bed-ridden. It mostly affects the feet and the ankles.
This is a condition that results when the tiny blood vessels bleed beneath the skin surface giving the impression of dark splotches or specks.
This is a condition that causes the production of excess melanin on the surface of the skin than the normal production. The skin condition results in the development of age or liver spots.
- Acanthosis Nigricans
It results due to increase in the level of insulin in the blood causing diabetes. The condition causes the formation of dark patches on the skin surface.
- Poor Skin Care
Improper personal cleaning can result in darkened pigmentation. The condition happens when the body sheds off excess dead skin cells which later build up causing dark skin patches. Regular washing, exfoliating and moisturizing can treat and prevent darkened skin related to this cause.
People who put on tight foot wears are susceptible to the development of small dark spots on the soles of the feet or even on the bottom of the foot. Constant rubbing of the small spots darkens in color during the process.
- Diabetic Dermopathy
It is a condition for which the immediate cause is unknown but is shown by the appearance of small dark spots on lower legs. They may be scaly around the area of increased pigmentation.
Dark Spots on Thighs
Have you noticed your inner thighs getting darker and wonder why? Here are some of the common causes:
- Sun Exposure
- Hormonal Imbalance
- Certain Medications
- Acanthosis Nigricans
Dark Spots on Legs That Look Like Bruises
Bruises on the skin appear as red to purple or blue fixes that rise when there is leaking under the skin. The closeness of the bruises after harm is not sudden. A couple of individuals do twist more viable than others and this may not be seen as unpredictable.
Correspondingly injuring may show more adequately on a couple of individuals, like those with reasonable skin syntheses, and this is moreover not considered irregular.
In any case, when wounds appear with no first damage than it ought to be investigated by a therapeutic master. This is especially fundamental if dull injuries appear for no clearly identifiable reason.
Once in a while, dull patches may shape on the leg in conditions where there is poor scattering. In any case, this may be a direct result of hyperpigmentation (extended skin shade swore statement) instead of in light of injuring.
Dark Spots on Legs after Shaving
Black spots can appear on the skin consequent to shaving for different reasons, including skin pestering, an advancement of dead skin cells and the nearness of sub-surface hair.
How to remove dark spots on legs from shaving
- Exfoliation of the skin more regularly to get rid of buildup of dead skin cells
- Apply hydroquinone cream after shaving
- Choose an alternative way of getting rid of hair
- Prepare the skin before shaving by apply warm towel on the area
- Moisturize the skin after shaving by bathing
- Consult a dermatologist in case the spots begin bleeding after any touch
Dark Spots on Legs Diabetes
Having several skin disorders or conditions can be the early signs of diabetes. The skin condition results in the development of either brown spots or dark spots. The condition restricts the supply of blood to the skin surface due to damage of tiny blood vessels.
Acanthosis nigricans is one of the skin conditions that cause the formation of tan or brown spots on the knees, soles, armpit or the neck. Consult your medical provider to seek for an immediate treatment.
Black Spot on Leg Cancer
Does the article have pictures of skin cancer? What are the most common skin cancer spots? Melanoma is considered to be the most common type of skin cancer spots that manifest itself in form of dark spots. It is a more serious disease since it has a potential of spreading to other parts of the feet or body.
The melanoma cancer tends to affect people of any skin tone and it has the following signs and symptoms:
- Formation of moles that keep on changing color
- Large brownish spots that have darker speckles
- Small lesion with irregular border
- Dark lesions on your palms, soles, fingertips or toes
Another form of a black spot on leg cancer includes:
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- Basal cell carcinoma
Black Spots on Feet Causes
The appearances of dark spots on the bottom of the foot can something simple like a mole or an age spot. Sometimes these spots could be a sign of a more serious condition. The most common causes include:
- Plantar Warts
The warts are caused by the human papillomavirus, or HPV. The virus enters the skin of the feet through a crack when walking bare feet in the bathroom or in public places. The condition is marked by the appearance of dark spots, the formation of callus, tenderness, and pain when walking.
- Tinea Nigra
The condition results in the appearance of darkness in the bottom of the foot. The condition is caused certain fungus known as Phaeoannellomyces werneckii. The fungi feed on the melanin at one particular point causing the formation of black spots.
- Foot Melanoma
The formation of black spots on the soles of the foot is usually a sign of melanoma. Melanoma is an aggressive skin cancer that gets rid of cells that produce skin pigmentation. Cancer can affect anyone regardless of your age and gender.
The main cause of melanoma is pronged sun exposure buy there is some instance where one get them without being exposed to the sun. The common causes of this form of melanoma include:
- Blistering sunburn
- Moles that won’t heal and go
- Fair skin that freckle easily
- Blonde or red hair
The melanoma cancer has the following symptoms and signs:
- Asymmetric shape
- Irregular, ragged, notched or blurred borders
- A mix of colors or hues
- Large growth
The foot melanoma will require the following treatment:
- Surgery for new occurrences
- Surgery for metastatic areas
- Major surgery
- Removal of regional lymph nodes
- Targeted therapy
Cream to Remove Dark Spots on Legs
The most recommended type of creams that are used to get rid of both brown and red spots on the legs include:
It inhibits the cells that produce melanin from darkening skin. Although it has side effects such skin dryness, redness and burning, it is advisable to use some lotions that have it contained. It is recommended to be used in a small amount. Consult a dermatologist about how it is used.
This cream is effective in the removal of dark spots caused by acne. The lotion has protein ingredients that help to diminish redness and spots.
- Vitamin C
It has properties that help to lighten dark areas on the skin and helps to prevent dark spots from coming back. It said to contain antioxidants ingredients that help to restore or rejuvenate the skin and helps to reduce the dark scars of acne.
Other dark spot corrector creams include:
- Sonya Dakar Nutrasphere Fade Away,
- Clinical Dark Spot Corrector,
Dark Spots on Legs Removal
The removal of dark spots on the legs involves:
How to remove dark spots on legs fast naturally
These remedies include:
Apply buttermilk on the skin that has dark spots. The content of the buttermilk has the property of bleaching that helps to remove dark spots on the legs after using it on a daily basis. Use a clean cotton cloth deep in buttermilk and rub on the spot until it disappears.
- Lemon Juice
It has the properties of fading away dark spots between the legs. It contains ingredients similar to that of buttermilk that helps in removal of dark spots on the legs by bleaching them. Apply the fresh juice on the affected area of the skin and rub it using a clean cotton cloth.
- Castor Oil
The oil helps to get rid of the dark spots on the legs caused by increasing age of a person. The use of vitamin oil, almond oil or olive oil for this purpose in a combination of castor oil proves to be more effective.
Rub the castor oil on the skin that has dark spots until it is absorbed into the skin and washes them off. For effective result, repeat the process on a daily basis.
- Apple Cider Vinegar
This another natural remedy that is used to get rid of black spots on the knees and legs. It has the ability to fade away dark pimples on the skin and treatment of other skin conditions. Mix some equal amount of apple cider vinegar with honey and then apply it on the spot. Wash after some time.
- Aloe Vera
It helps in regeneration of new skin cells and in the process; it helps to get rid of blackheads on the thighs and legs. It has a healing property. It also helps to get rid of black spots on legs caused by sun exposure. Rub a fresh leave of aloe vera gel on the spots and wash after some time.
It has antiseptic and anti-aging properties that are used in removing dark spots between legs. It has the ability to reduce hyperpigmentation on the skin. Apply the solution the affected area and allow the solution to stay for some time before washing with clean water.
It is an ingredient that is found in many exfoliating creams and the studies show that it has enzymes and chemicals that will exfoliate off dead skin cells, bacteria, grime and anything that enhances the formation of dark spots on the legs.
- Baking Soda
This is a home remedy that helps in clearing all forms of dark spot such that no traces of its existence remain. It readily available and it is affordable. Obtain a paste of the solution and rub it on the affected part of the skin.
It has bleaching properties that help to lighten skin and tone it out. It also has the ability to make the skin on the legs to glow and appear healthy. Rub the affected part of the skin with yogurt on a daily basis until all the dark spots are fading away.
- Laser Surgery
The use of this form of treatment helps to fix dark spots on the legs more quickly than another form of natural treatments. This treatment is not cheap but is also effective and can only be carried out by professionals.
- Plastic Surgery
Consider this method of treatment to be the last option after thorough consultation with your medical doctor. Plastic surgery can be used to get rid of the darkened parts of the skin.
- Use of Hydrogen Peroxide
From the ancient time, it has been used as a bleaching agent and therefore it is good for whitening dark spots on the skin of the legs and any other part of the body.
FURTHER REFERENCES AND SOURCES
- Causes of Dark Spots on Your Legs: http://www.livestrong.com/article/210661-causes-of-dark-spots-on-your-legs/
- Dark Spots on Legs: Causes, How to Get Rid, Home Remedies for Dark Spots on Lower Legs: http://www.beautyhealthplus.org/2016/10/dark-spots-on-legs-causes-how-to-get-rid.html
- Ways to Get Rid Of Dark Spots on Legs Fast: http://www.howhunter.com/skin-care/dark-spots/get-rid-of-dark-spots-on-legs/
- HOW TO GET RID OF DARK SPOTS ON LEGS: http://fullnomore.com/how-to-get-rid-of-dark-spots-on-legs/
- Dark Spots on Bottom of Foot: Causes and Treatments: http://www.newhealthadvisor.com/dark-spots-on-bottom-of-foot.html
- What Are the Causes of Dark Pigmented Skin on Lower Calves? http://www.livestrong.com/article/240550-what-are-the-causes-of-dark-pigmented-skin-on-lower-calves/