The skin on the face is very sensitive. Having dry skin patches on face is a common phenomenon among people of all ages. Get more insight on the causes of dry skin patches, scaly, itchy or not itchy patches, red, white or dark patches, and remedy for the dry skin patches on the face.
Dry Skin Patches on Face Causes/ Dry Facial Skin Causes
The causes include:
- Atopic Dermatitis
This is a type of skin eczema characterized by itchy patches that are red and scaly, dry skin, cracks behind ears, crusted or open sores. The skin condition is caused by a number of factors ranging from extreme stress, high temperatures to allergens like pollen grains, molds, and dander from pets.
Use a lipid-enriched soap in the shower and bath as a gentle cleanser. Avoid using hard water when taking bath since they do worsen the situation. Also, use of primrose oil in the bath helps to reduce the itching effect.
- Sebhorreic Dermatitis
Dandruff flakes do occur mostly on the areas that are producing excess oils like scalp, face, upper chest, and back. The condition can result in peeling of white patches of skin on the face and it is triggered by hormonal imbalances, stress or changes in weather.
The condition makes the skin to appear as reddish in color and accompanied by both burning sensation and itchiness.
This is a condition that commonly affects women in their 30s and it makes the face to appear rosy. In general, you may notice certain changes on the face like the formation of pimples or small bumps, red skin, and constant irritation, especially around the nose and eyes.
Although the exact cause is unknown, the experts still believe it is caused by disorders of the nervous systems. The use of mild and nonabrasive facial cleanser with lukewarm water can help ease the burning sensation and irritation.
This is an autoimmune skin disorder that makes the facial skin to appear red, scaly and formation of white patches. The studies show that the condition is genetic and therefore can pass from one family member to their offspring through genetic predisposition.
The condition can also be caused by stress, changes in hormonal balance, sunburns and certain medications like lithium or beta blockers.
- Actinic Keratosis
The condition begins like small spots on the facial skin which turn out to be scaly and crusty growths. You are likely to experience itching or burning sensation, rough patches on the facial skin that are painful when you rub, dry lips and scaly bumps.
- Use of Skin Lightening Products
Skin lightening products contain certain chemicals such that when applied on the face, it can result in some reactions. These bleaching substances can pose health risk to individuals who are using them like frequent peeling of facial skin, formations of painful bumps e.t.c
It is recommended to consult a specialist who will examine your skin before suggesting the type of bleaching agent you can use. Therefore, having dry skin patches on the face is one of the side effects of using these creams and lightening pills.
- Use of Soap
Use of harsh soap while bathing can strip away the skin natural oil that is considered to protective to the various layers of the skin against damage. Once they are strip off, your skin becomes dry, peel, and crack and even become susceptible to infections.
Also, use of harsh deodorant and antibacterial soaps that form lather more can leave your skin dry and therefore, expert suggest the use of mild cleanser that does not cause some of the sides effects like dry skin.
- Medical Conditions
There are certain medical conditions like Diabetes that are linked to having dry skin patches symptoms. Also, a patient with thyroid gland problem that is said to be underactive is likely also to experience the same dry skin due to the low amount of natural oil production.
This normal process results in various changes on the skin since as you age there is the low production of natural oil. The hormone stimulating the sebaceous glands to produce sebum is produced in low quantities.
Fortunately, there are certain creams and moisturizers that can help restore back your natural skin texture. Therefore, consult your dermatologist to recommend the best cream that does not react with your skin.
- Steamy and Hot Showers
Hot and steamy showers are good in muscle relaxation after doing some work outs but they are known to be damaging the skin texture. Steamy showers strip away the skin natural oils leaving the skin dry and flaky.
It is also, recommended to use a soft cotton towel to rub your face and body gently after taking shower. In case you use a rough towel, it will strip all the moisture away and in the process, you experience dry skin patches on the face.
- Contact dermatitis
This condition occurs when your skin comes into contact with something that will trigger localized inflammation. It occurs when the facial skin is exposed to chemical ingredients in the bleaching agents.
- Skin cancer
It is characterized by the appearance of patches of skin that are dry, red, scaly, and rough. Consult your medical professional for further examination to test if it is truly the skin cancer.
- Misusing moisturizer
This will result in dry skin patches on the face since in most cases; people apply moisturizer on dry skin. Therefore, it is recommended to damp your face with a little amount of water before applying the moisturizer.
- Dry air
This usually happens during the winter season, where the dry air strips off the skin moisture leaving it dry. In medical terms, it is also known as winter itch.
Install a humidifier into the housing counter the condition or even wear cotton gloves while walking out in the harsh weather condition.
Prolong exposure to the sun can pose a dangerous problem to the skin since the radiations are very powerful and appear in various dimension and spectrum.
Prolonged exposure to UV rays from the sun can result in sun poisoning which is characterized by the appearance of white skin patches especially on the areas that are exposed to.
Dry Skin Patches on Face Not Itchy
Dry skin is a common skin problem, especially on the face, elbow, and legs. The condition can be due to genetic predisposition, changes in weather, or other factors that cause the skin to tighten up.
The condition is known to be caused by a number of skin disorders that are either permanent or temporal. Some condition can be mild while others can be life threatening.
Temporal skin disorders may include:
- Contact dermatitis
The condition mostly occurs depending on the occupation you occupy. For most of you in industries, you may can into contact with chemical irritants that make the skin to be red and inflamed. After applying a topical cream, you will notice white skin patches in the process of healing.
- Keratosis pilaris
The skin disorder result in the formation of tiny rough bumps on the skin and the bumps are either white or red in color. The bumps are painless and do not itch. The use of medicated creams can be used to smoothen the skin without peeling of skin in patches.
Permanent skin disorders may include:
Dry Skin Patches on Face That Won’t Go Away
Persistent appearance of dry patches on the cheeks can be an annoyance to some extent. This can stimulate the appearance of stress especially if you have planned for a date or going for a job interview.
Most of these patches are caused by skin dryness, facial eczema, or cold sore around the crease of the nose. Depending on the underlying cause and behavioral factors, the dry patches on the face won’t go away.
Some of the factors that lead to dry patches include:
- Angular Cheilitis
- Kawasaki Disease
Flaky Skin on Face That Won’t Heal
Skin cancer has become the latest cancer that is threatening in the present world. In case you develop non-melanoma skin cancer, they usually appear on the outer skin layer characterized by the appearance of either white or red patches.
The non-melanoma is a mild skin cancer as compared to melanoma skin cancer which the research shows that they do spread rapidly into the body.
The non-melanoma in most cases leads to the development of a lump on the skin that does not heal at all and around the lump skin, you will notice skin flaking that won’t heal.
You will also realize the appearance of flat and scaly patches on the skin of the face that won’t go away easily. It recommended visiting your skin dermatologist for further examination and treatment in case of cancer.
Baby Dry Skin Patches on Face
The delicate and soft skin for babies makes them be more prone to skin dryness than adults. Sometimes you may realize the appearance of dry skin patches on the face of the child when exposing to extreme temperature like coldness during winter and hot during summer.
There other factors that can also lead to dry skin patches on the face of the childlike; chlorine molecules in water, the air in the house that is dry, and even the foods feed by the child.
Fortunately, here are some of the ways to get rid of baby dry skin patches on the face. The ways include:
- Reduce time of bathing
Use the shortest time when washing your baby since water strip off the skin natural oil making it become dry and flaky. Use lukewarm water instead of hot water alongside fragrance-free, soap-free cleanser.
- Apply Lots of Moisturizer
Pat your baby with a soft cotton towel to dry and then apply a lot of moisturizers. This help to seal moisture in the skin. Also, the use of petroleum jelly will help to lock up moisture in the skin making it hydrated.
- Create Oatmeal Facial Wash
Oats have soothing properties that help to ease skin dryness and irritation caused by skin eczema and other dry skin conditions. Crush cup oats until they become powdery then mixed with lukewarm water.
Damp a soft facial washcloth in it and wash the dry skin patches on the face gently. Do it in a circular motion to get rid of the feelings and avoid rubbing the eyes, and the nose.
Dark Dry Patches on Skin/ Dark Dry Skin Patches on Face
In the modern lifestyle, skin responds to changes in weather, use of moisturizers, and autoimmune skin disorders. Patches of dark dry skin in most cases do not change despite using plenty of moisturizers. It is important to consult a dermatologist during such occasions.
Some of the causes of dark dry skin patches include:
This refers to skin rashes that are triggered by irritations. This may also be due to allergic reactions to the chemical contents of soaps and detergents that are the use of washing.
Atopic dermatitis is a skin condition that results in skin dryness and is caused by climatic changes. While seborrheic dermatitis occurs on areas that are producing a lot of oils. Sometimes, insufficient vitamin B or too much of vitamin A can result in itching and skin discoloration.
This is an immune system disorder that results in skin itching and skin dryness. Those red blotches can turn into dark dry skin patches on the face. If they remain untreated, you are likely to encounter cracking of the cheeks that will enhance bacterial infections.
This skin condition occurs when there is a rapid buildup of dry, dead cells on the outer layer of the skin. You will notice the appearance of dark patches of the skin that are rough, flaky and shed easily.
Dry White Patches on Skin
The causes include:
- Vitiligo white patches
This is a skin condition that occurs on the body especially the hands and the face causing depigmentation. This condition usually affects people autoimmune diseases. Some of the condition includes rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, hyperthyroidism, and adrenocortical insufficiency.
The condition is said to run in families due to genetic predisposition, this is according to the research undertaken by National Institutes of Health.
- Tinea versicolor
This is a fungal infection that affects the facial skin and it occurs due to excessive overgrowth of Malassezzia species which affect the color of the skin.
It is characterized by the formation of white patches that have sharp edges and can hardly darken even after a sunburn. The condition mainly affects young and youth people of either sex than an adult or older people.
- Pityriasis alba
The exact cause of this skin disorder is still unknown but it is characterized by oval shaped or round red or pink patches at inception. The patches do disappear on their own but the use of creams helps to diminish the condition faster.
In the process of vanishing, the skin color also changes into light-colored. The process is known as hypopigmentation. Consult your dermatologist for proper medication and examination.
This is a condition that occurs after the attack by inflammatory skin problem and is marked by localized loss of pigmentation of the skin.
- Lichen sclerosus
The condition is a common skin problem to post menopause in females. It can also affect men and children in a rare occasion.
It is marked by Itchy white patches on genitalia and some parts of the face. You may also experience the formation of blisters and be cracking of the skin.
- Halo naevus
It has a white ring around the mole. They are non-malignant moles so there is no way they are linked to skin cancer. According to experts, it is due to the autoimmune process which leads to the formation of the white ring around the moles.
Other lesser causes of white patches of the facial skin include:
- Skin poisoning and build-up of toxins in body tissues
- Skin lesions
- Diaper rashes
- Deficiency in vitamins
- Inherited genes and birthmarks
Dry Itchy Patches on Face
Itchy facial skin is a common condition that everyone experience and it can be uncomfortable to some instances. It is caused by a number of factors ranging from external to internal.
Some of the factors include:
- Unwashed Face
The accumulation of dirt, oils and dead skin cells on the facial skin can result into irritation if the face remains unwashed for long period. For men, it could be associated with growing bears after shaving.
- Dry Skin
The condition is quite common during the winter season and when the humidity level is low. During this time of the year, the air is dry and therefore it strips of the skin natural oil making it appear dry and itchy.
These are allergic diseases such as atopic dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis or urticaria (hives). Other irritants such as pet dander, molds and dust can also trigger allergic reactions to the skin.
Itchiness is common symptoms associated with infections such as chickenpox, Herpes simplex, Herpes zoster, Dengue fever and bacterial infection. You will be expected to visit your dermatologist for further skin examination and test.
- Skin Diseases
There are a number of skin problems or afflictions that lead to itching of the face. The skin afflictions are also associated with the formation of rashes that are itchy.
Other lesser causes include:
- Insect bites
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
Dry Red Patches on Face/ Dry Red Skin on Face
The red patches can be itchy or non-itchy depending on the cause of the underlying condition. most of this skin condition is caused by common factors such as the following:
- Seborrheic Dermatitis
- Atopic Dermatitis
How to Get Rid Of Dry Skin Patches on Face/ Dry Patches on Face Remedy
This will involve the following procedures in order to get rid of dry skin patches on the face. The steps include:
You will be expected to undergo facial skin exfoliation at least twice per week to help to get rid of dry skin patches. Scrub your face with loofah to remove the accumulated dirt and dead skin cells. Pat your facial skin with a soft towel after exfoliation.
Wash the scrubbed facial skin with lukewarm water and then apply plenty of moisturizers to make the skin hydrated.
You can also consider soaking yourself in a bathtub for some minutes to make your skin more hydrated. You can also add a handful of Epsom salt in the bathtub to enhance exfoliation of the remaining dead skin cell tissues.
Moisten the facial skin with cold whole milk to enhance the healing process. You can also consider using fresh aloe Vera gel by rubbing it on the face. It also helps to get rid of dead skin and promoting the healing process.
Dry Skin Patches on Face Home Remedies/ How to Get Rid Of Dry Flaky Skin on Face Overnight
Get to know the underlying causes of flaking skin is important before deciding on the best method to adopt in order to get rid of dry flaky skin on the face. Here are few tips that will help you achieve the desire of the skin texture you want.
- Exfoliate regularly
You will be expected to exfoliate your facial skin at least twice per week to get rid of accumulated dead skin cells. Use a soft baby washcloth and lukewarm water to gently scrub the face in a circular motion.
- Avoid dehydrating moisturizers
Identify the right facial cleanser by reading the labels or consulting your dermatologist to suggest the right cream for your face. Use moisturizers that do not contain the elements of sodium lauryl sulfate since they are known to strip moisture from the skin.
- Use milk face mask
Whole milk assists in healing dry skin on the face. The milk contains fat the help in moisturizing the skin and the lactic acid helps in cleaning the facial skin. Use a soft washcloth and massage the skin gently to remove flakes from the skin.
- Apply Moisturize after washing
Apply plenty of moisturizer after showering immediately. Miniaturization of the facial skin is important after washing or exfoliation.
- Apply Aloe Vera face mask bi-weekly
This makes your skin hydrated free from peeling and cracking. Use a fresh leave of Aloe Vera by applying the thick gel on the skin. It also provides a cooling effect.
- Why You Have Red, Itchy, Flaky Skin: Let Us Count the Ways: http://www.dermstore.com/blog/why-you-have-red-itchy-flaky-skin/
- What Causes Dry Patches on the Face? http://www.medguidance.com/thread/Dry-Patches-on-Face.html
- Skin Conditions You Should Know About: http://www.everydayhealth.com/skin-and-beauty-pictures/skin-conditions-you-should-know-about.aspx#05
- Common Skin Disorders: http://www.healthline.com/health/skin-disorders#1
- Dark Dry Patches on the Skin: http://www.livestrong.com/article/305209-dark-dry-patches-on-the-skin/