What does it mean when you have black gums? What causes discoloration of the gums? Get more insight into the causes of black spots on gums, near the tooth, from smoking, painful spots, and some of the basic ways of getting rid of them.
What Does It Mean If You Have A Dark Spot On Your Gums?
Black spots on gums are caused by the following:
This is a hard substance that is deposited on the gums as a result of hardened dental plaque, oral debris, saliva, and minerals. Most of these substances get deposited along the gum line, between teeth and the gum tissues. The colors of the deposits keep on changing from yellow to black in appearance.
The dark spots appear on the gums is usually considered to be an indication of poor dental hygiene. The low hygiene status can also result in gum diseases that cause black spots. It is recommended to observe daily flossing of the teeth to prevent the buildup of calculus.
- Amalgam Tattoos
This condition happens to those people with fillings, crowns or dentures on their teeth. When the small amount of amalgam gets embedded inside the mouth, a person is able to notice blue, black or gray spots. The spots on the mouth membrane do not pose any form of danger at all except those spots that are cancerous in nature.
- Malignant Melanoma
These types of growth on the lining of the mouth and gums are uncommon in life but in case they do occur, they pose a huge problem to live. The spots appear as tiny growths but they keep on increasing in size and shape. The color of the spots keep on changing from tan, black brown to black.
The appearance of bruises on the gums could be due to some impact on the face or hard and forceful brushing of the teeth. As the small spots on the bruises try to heal, they become darker in color than even the surrounding membrane of the mouth.
The appearance of black spots on the gums is usually due to too much pigment production. The pigment production can be genetic in nature or due to some environmental factors. These types of dark spots are known as melanin spots.
- Cigarettes and Medication
The appearance of white spots on the gums can be decolorized by smoking cigarettes or taking certain medicines such as minocycline, tricyclic antidepressants, or metal-based crown fillings and in the process, it causes the oxidation of white spots to dark spots.
- Disease & Conditions
The appearance of black spots on the gums could be due to acute necrotizing periodontal disease. This type of gum disease is characterized by bleeding gums, strong pain, and a foul smelling mouth. The condition should be treated on time in order to reduce the chance of it spreading to the adjacent parts on the mouth cavity.
- Peutz Jeghers syndrome
This is a very rare condition and according to the research, it is said to be inherited genetically or hereditarily. The condition mostly affects the intestines and also results in the appearance of dark gums.
- HIV infection or AIDS
These viruses make the immune system of the body to be low. In the process, it results in the overgrowth of bacteria in the body. They can develop gingivitis, periodontitis quite often resulting in dark gums.
- Inadequate nutrition
Properly balanced diet helps to enhance a strong immune system which is able to fight any form of overgrowth of bacteria in the body. Therefore, it is possible to get rid of plaque deposits on the gums when you have strong immune system.
Black Spot on Gums near Tooth
The appearance of most spots on the gums are not dangerous and most of these spots occur as result of skin pigment, tiny bruises, hardened plaque, dental fillings, smoking, discoloration by certain medicines and in rare cases oral malignant melanoma.
To avoid any form of dental diseases, it is advisable to consult a dentist in order to help in finding ways on how to curb some dental decay issues. In general, the appearance of black spots near the tooth, it could be due to tooth decay or some infections.
Black Spot on Gums Photos
According to various research undertaken by experts, black spots on the gums are known to be caused by bruising, pigmentation, plaque, tattooing caused by amalgam (silver) fillings and, rarely, a form of oral cancer. But in most cases, these spots have no reason for concern.
Most of the pictures shown in the article try to bring out how several factors that cause black dots on the gums occur and how to get rid of them. There are several reasons behind the development of dark spots but it is advisable to consult a dentist.
Bruise on Gums
There are several gum injuries that cause the appearance of dark spots on the gums and most of these injuries are actually self-induced. Proper dental hygiene is quite important to help curb teeth decay and bad smell from the mouth.
Here are some of the common things that result in bruises on the gums.
- Overly Aggressive Brushing
Expert research shows that the use of much pressure and a hard-bristled toothbrush to wash the teeth is not advisable. This force can result in oral health problems such as gum irritation. Therefore, it is recommended to use gentle pressure to remove food and plaque in between the teeth. Also, the use of a soft-bristled toothbrush is the best.
- Improper Flossing Technique
Aggressive teeth brushing can result in gum irritation especially when a lot of pressure is used to dislodge food and plaque. This vigorous brushing can also result in gum bleeding and in the process; it can result in a lot of discomforts.
- Home Whitening Treatments
There are some products that are peroxide based whitening agents of the teeth and they contain some substances that can result in gum irritation. The chemical ingredients composed in the peroxide trigger irritation and in the process dark dots on the gum line develop.
- Dietary Choices
Hard and crunchy food stuffs causes irritation on the gums naturally as an individual chew the food. Some of these common types of food stuff include; potato chips or nuts, and also consumption of a low amount of vitamins and minerals can also cause gum irritation.
Black Spots on Gum near Wisdom Tooth
Molars are the last teeth that erupt during the puberty stage and they do occur on both upper and lower jaws. The partial eruptions of the wisdom tooth can development of flap of gum to the next tooth. The flapped gums can result in trapping of food particles and debris that later enhance the appearance of bacteria.
Bacterial invasion around the teeth results in a disease known as pericoronitis which make the region to be inflamed and in the process result in the formation of black spots on the gums.
Some of the common mild symptoms include:
- Painful and swollen gum tissues around the teeth
- Bad taste and smell from the mouth
- Discharge of pus from the gums
Severe symptoms include:
- Swollen lymph nodes around the chin
- Muscle spasms in the jaw
- Swelling on the affected side of the cheek
Dark Spots on Gums from Smoking
People with the habit of smoking usually experience the appearance of visible black spots on their gums due to melanosis. The spots are mostly seen on the gums, cheeks, and larynx. In many occasion, they do appear on the lower labial gingiva for tobacco users.
Also, people with a genetically inherited high level of skin pigment, they do experience these spots on their gums and even the tongue. Besides tobacco smoking, people who use chutta, and bidi can also develop dark spots on the gums.
The presence of melanin on the skin of the gums helps to give it its natural color and also prevent UV rays from the sun from damaging the skin cells. In case the melanin is damaged, the cells producing the pigment become damaged and in the process, one is able to have dark pigment.
According to the research, tobacco smoke stimulates the melanocytes cells to produce plenty of melanin and in the process, it transports them to the adjacent cells resulting in black spots on the skin.
However, in case one quit smoking tobacco substances the lesion on the gums disappear after some three months. Melanosis is benign which is considered to be a normal physiological reaction and the studies show that they do not develop into cancer.
Brown Spot on Gums
In case your gums are not naturally brown, then it could be indicating a serious problem. Brown gums are an indicator of calculus. Calculus is a development of hardened dental plaque, saliva, minerals and oral debris that have changed into a calcified deposit.
Sometimes these build up can appear on the gums or on the gum lining which later turns into yellow to dark brown spots. It is advisable to undertake daily flossing and brushing in order to avoid calculus.
In case you notice a tan, brown, or blue-black spot on the gums, it could imply the development of oral malignant melanoma which is a type of cancer. These types of spots are rare but fatal. It is recommended to consult dentists as soon as possible.
Other possible causes include:
- Celiac Disease
Purple Spot on Gums
The appearance of purple spots on the gums could be an indicator of periodontal disease. The gums appear to be swollen with the formation of bright red or purple gums.
In a rare occasion, the formation of these purple spots on the gums could be an indicator of oral malignant melanoma and it is advisable to consult a medical professional as soon as possible for treatment.
Observation of proper oral hygiene is recommended as it helps to curb any form of gum diseases. In case the gums are infected and there is a lot of irritation visits the nearest dentist for check up.
Black Spot on Gums Painful
People with white teeth and pink skin gums indicate a healthy oral hygiene. In case there are noticeable changes in the color and texture of the skin on the gums, it could imply a sign of infection. Infection of the gums makes them bleed when brushing and also the formation of dark pigmentation.
Discoloration of the gums can be natural while some can be a sign of other discoloration that seems dangerous to your health and require serious attention. Consult a medical professional in case the black spots on the gums are painful and they bleed.
How to Get Rid Of Dark or black Spots on Gums
The following are ways on how to get rid of black spots and dark gums.
- Consume dairy products
Some of the most common dairy products that are good for the teeth and bones include; milk, cheese, and yogurt. These products contain vital elements such as calcium and vitamin D which strengthen the teeth. They also help to maintain proper gums and make them pink in color.
- Relaxation techniques
Stress is known to contribute to hyperpigmentation of gums resulting into black gums. Adopting better yoga activities such as Pranayama, breathing exercises, swimming, etc. help to relax the mind and body in general.
- Restrict alcohol intake
Intake of excess alcohol can damage our gums and teeth. Minimize or find a way on how to quit intake of alcohol to maintain proper health of the gums.
- Avoid Carbonated drinks
Consumption of carbonated beverages instead of clean water in excessive quantities can be discolored the enamel of teeth and result in tooth decay or rotten teeth. These drinks can also damage the gums and lead to the blackening of the gums.
Other measures to adopt include:
- use mouthwashes containing Listerine to clean the mouth
- avoid using tobacco products
- Flossing the teeth on a daily basis
- Brush teeth daily
- Visit a dentist regularly
How to Get Pink Gums Naturally At Home from Black spots on gums
The remedies include:
Brush the teeth using some salt to help in removing all the stains on the teeth and also the bacteria accumulated along the gums of the mouth. Gargling salt solution in the mouth helps to maintain proper oral hygiene and also makes the gum strong and pink
- Aloe Vera
It has antibacterial properties and it helps to get rid of bacteria in the mouth apart from reducing inflammation. It also helps to get rid of black gums, reduces swelling and foul odor.
It contains Curcumin which has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. These ingredients help to destroy the bacteria causing detrimental effects on the gums and gingivitis.
- Green tea
It has antioxidant properties that help in getting rid of gum disease causing bacteria and promote proper growth of gum skin.
Other natural remedies of black spots on gums include the following:
- Lemon oil
- Coconut oil
- Yarrow flowers
- Tea tree oil
- Clove oil
- Sesame oil
- Black tea bags
FURTHER REFERENCES AND SOURCES
- What Causes Dark Spots on Human Gums? http://www.livestrong.com/article/148040-what-causes-dark-spots-on-human-gums/
- Gum Discoloration: What Causes Gums to Turn Black or White? http://www.watertowerdentalcare.com/blog/food-for-thought/gum-discoloration-causes-gums-turn-black-white/
- Gum Irritation: Four Self-Induced Causes: http://www.colgate.com/en/us/oc/oral-health/conditions/gum-disease/article/gum-irritation-four-self-induced-causes-1015
- What Causes Gums to Turn Purple or Brown? http://www.watertowerdentalcare.com/blog/chew-on-this/causes-gums-turn-purple-brown/
- Causes Of Brown Spots On Teeth: http://www.colgate.com/en/us/oc/oral-health/life-stages/adult-oral-care/article/brown-spots-on-teeth-causes-0116
- How to make gums pink? How to get rid of black gums? http://trendydamsels.com/make-gums-pink-get-rid-black-gums/
- Dark Gums Can They Be Made Natural Pink: http://www.identalhub.com/article_dark-gums-can-they-be-made-natural-pink-123.aspx